is a Palestinian city located 30 kilometers (19 mi) south of Jerusalem in the southern West Bank. It is tucked away in the Judaean Mountains at a height of 930 meters (3,050 feet). With roughly 215,000 Palestinian residents (2016), it is the second-largest city in the West Bank (after East Jerusalem), and it is the third-largest city in the Palestinian territories (after East Jerusalem and Gaza). Seven hundred Jewish settlers are clustered around the city’s Old City. It contains the Cave of the Patriarchs, which is designated as the final resting place of three significant patriarchal/matriarchal couples in Jewish, Christian, and Islamic faiths.
Susya – National Heritage Site
is situated in the West Bank’s southern Hebron Governorate. It is home to an archeological site containing several Second Temple and Byzantine artifacts, as well as the remnants of a synagogue of note that was converted into a mosque during the Arab invasion of Palestine in the seventh century. In the 1830s, a Palestinian community called Susya was founded close to the location.
The Palestinians living there are said to represent a southern Hebron cave-dwelling culture that has existed there since the early 19th century and engaged in transhumant practices such as seasonal habitation in the area’s caves and Susya ruins. The village’s lands covered more than 300 hectares and were owned by multiple private Palestinians.
The cave containing the graves of Ibrahim, his wife Sarah, and their sons Isaac and Jacob, may peace be upon them, was covered by the Ibrahim Mosque. In terms of age and reverence, the Ibrahim Mosque is among the oldest historically significant structures that still stand today. Over the course of more than two thousand years, significant events in human history have been observed within its walls. According to studies, it was constructed in the last ten years of Herod’s rule.
Up to the advent of the Umayyads, the structure had maintained its composition and architectural brilliance in spite of historical developments and succeeding civilizations (660 – 750 A.D.). It constructed a mosque inside of what was known as “Al-Heer.”