Al-Khalil Hebron Landmarks

is a Palestinian city located 30 kilometers (19 mi) south of Jerusalem in the southern West Bank. It is tucked away in the Judaean Mountains at a height of 930 meters (3,050 feet). With roughly 215,000 Palestinian residents (2016), it is the second-largest city in the West Bank (after East Jerusalem), and it is the third-largest city in the Palestinian territories (after East Jerusalem and Gaza). Seven hundred Jewish settlers are clustered around the city’s Old City. It contains the Cave of the Patriarchs, which is designated as the final resting place of three significant patriarchal/matriarchal couples in Jewish, Christian, and Islamic faiths.

One of the oldest cities in the Levant is Hebron. The Bible claims that Abraham settled in Hebron and purchased the Cave of the Patriarchs to serve as Sarah’s final resting place. According to biblical tradition, the wives of the patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob—Sarah, Rebecca, and Leah—were also interred in the cave. The Bible also mentions Hebron as the location of David’s coronation as king of Israel. The Edomites settled in Hebron after their exile in Babylon. Herod the Great constructed the wall that still encloses the Cave of the Patriarchs in the first century BCE. The cave eventually served as a church and a mosque. 


From the sixth century CE until the breakup of the Ottoman Empire after World War I, when Hebron became a part of British Mandatory Palestine, consecutive Muslim dynasties dominated the city, with the exception of a brief Crusader occupation. A massacre in 1929 and the Arab uprising in 1936–1939 caused the Jewish community in Hebron to leave. Jordan captured and annexed Hebron during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, and Israel has been in military control of the city since the 1967 Six-Day War. Jewish presence returned to the city after Israeli occupation.

Cave of the Patriarchs

The Tomb of the Patriarchs, also known as the Cave of the Patriarchs or the Cave of Machpelah to Jews and the Ibrahimi Mosque to Muslims, also known as the Mosque of Abraham, is a group of caves located in the Old City of Hebron, in the West Bank, 30 kilometers (19 miles) south of Jerusalem. Although most historians think the Abraham-Isaac-Jacob story is mostly legendary, the Abrahamic religions claim that Abraham bought the cave and the nearby field as a burial spot.

A sizable Herodian-era rectangular enclosure is perched over the cave. A basilica was constructed there during the Byzantine era of the area’s control; after the Muslim conquest of the Levant, the building was transformed into the Ibrahimi Mosque. The mosque and its surroundings were under the hands of Crusader states by the 12th century, but Saladin, the Ayyubid ruler, retook control of the area in 1188 and once more transformed the building into a mosque.

Susya – National Heritage Site

is situated in the West Bank’s southern Hebron Governorate. It is home to an archeological site containing several Second Temple and Byzantine artifacts, as well as the remnants of a synagogue of note that was converted into a mosque during the Arab invasion of Palestine in the seventh century. In the 1830s, a Palestinian community called Susya was founded close to the location.

The Palestinians living there are said to represent a southern Hebron cave-dwelling culture that has existed there since the early 19th century and engaged in transhumant practices such as seasonal habitation in the area’s caves and Susya ruins. The village’s lands covered more than 300 hectares and were owned by multiple private Palestinians.

Masjid-E-Khalil Mosque

The cave containing the graves of Ibrahim, his wife Sarah, and their sons Isaac and Jacob, may peace be upon them, was covered by the Ibrahim Mosque. In terms of age and reverence, the Ibrahim Mosque is among the oldest historically significant structures that still stand today. Over the course of more than two thousand years, significant events in human history have been observed within its walls. According to studies, it was constructed in the last ten years of Herod’s rule.

Up to the advent of the Umayyads, the structure had maintained its composition and architectural brilliance in spite of historical developments and succeeding civilizations (660 – 750 A.D.). It constructed a mosque inside of what was known as “Al-Heer.”

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