The city of Jericho is located on a dry plain next to the Dead Sea, the lowest place on Earth, at the border of the Judean Hills, after the mountains of Palestine had calmed down and progressively smoothed out their wrinkles. The city doesn’t resemble the rest of the nation at all.
The only area in the West Bank with flat, abundant terrain is Jericho. Jericho is always hot, in contrast to the rest of the area, which is typically described as a peaceful landscape of rolling green hills dotted with olive groves and gray Israeli settlements. Its environment is covered in a brownish-yellow mixture of sand and dirt, and the prominent features are miles-long groves of palm palms that end at Israeli settlements.
Therefore, it is no accident that Jericho is the most popular domestic vacation spot in the West Bank. The first thing on your right after passing the Israeli checkpoint at the town’s entrance is a sizable, deserted casino. Israelis used to flock to Jericho in droves in the 1990s, drawn there by the country’s ban on gambling as well as by a long-standing Israeli association of Arab cities with hedonism, “Oriental” pleasures, and corruption that dates back to the founding of Zionism and the establishment of Tel Aviv next to Jaffa.
The oldest wall in the world, the oldest stairway in the world, and a huge, elongated defense tower that dates to before 7000 BC are all evident in Tel es Sultan, an ancient Jericho.
The monastery offers a spectacular view of Jericho and represents the location of Jesus’ third temptation. It is located in Deir Quruntal. During the temptation of Satan, Jesus fasted and meditated here for 40 days and nights.
Herod the Great erected his winter palace near the location of Tulul Abu Al Alaieq, while the city was at its height.
Jericho flourished in the early Islamic era. Hisham Palace The ruins of the Umayyad palace “Qaser Hisham” show the opulence of the city.
A sycamore tree near Jericho is mentioned in the biblical story of Jesus and Zacchaeus, a short-statured tax collector who, according to the Gospel of Luke, climbed the tree to obtain a closer view of Jesus. This sycamore is said to be over 2000 years old.
There are various explanations to explain the city’s name. When you arrive at Jericho’s entrance, there is a roundabout where a pillar bearing the inscription “Jericho, city of the moon” is located.
The Canaanite term for moon, Yareah, and Yarikh, the name of the moon deity, would both help to explain this. Early moon worship was centered in Jericho. You may also imagine that the moon, which is rather large in Palestine, would shine brightly, reflect in the Dead Sea, and be revered as a divinity here in the desert.
Because Jericho has a fantastic environment for palm trees and abundant water, it is also known as the “city of palms.” Jericho has several springs because of the precipitation that descends from the mountain range to the lowest place.
Arabic for “riha” is “fragrance” or “smell.” It is an area rich in citrus trees, banana trees, date palms, but also maize and all types of vegetables. Imagine the scent of all the flowers and fruit trees here in bloom. There are two harvests each year for some crops in this region due to the warm environment and ample water supply. And the olive harvest, for instance, begins at least a month sooner than in mountainous locations.