Jordan has a hot, dry climate characterized by long, hot, dry summers and short, cool winters. The climate is influenced by Jordan’s location between the subtropical aridity of the Arabian desert areas and the subtropical humidity of the eastern Mediterranean area. January is the coldest month, with temperatures from 5°C to 10°C, and August is the hottest month at 20°C to 35°C. Daily temperatures can be very hot, especially in the summer; on some days it can be 40°C or more, especially when the Shirocco, a hot, dry south rly wind blows. These winds can sometimes be very strong and can cause Sandstorms.
About 70 percent of the average rainfall in the country falls between November and March; June through August are often rain less. Rainfall varies from season to season and from year to year. Precipitation is often concentrated in violent storms, causing erosion and local flooding, especially in the winter months.
Required clothing: Lightweight cotton clothes are advised in the summer, with a sweater for cooler evenings, especially in the inland areas. waterproof medium wear is recommended for the winter

The Hashemite Kingodm has many different climates, but the most prevalent ones are Csa (Hot-summer Mediterranean climate), BSk (Cold semi-arid climates) like below:


Mediterranean hot summer climates

Amman, Irbid, Madaba, Karak, Khirbat Assaf


Cold semi-arid climates

Al Taiyibe, Amaun, Wadi Musa, Al Bayḑā, Mukawir


Hot semi-arid climates

Ajaj, Khirbat al Shaykh Muhammad, Al Jirm, Khirbat al Hamma, Khirbat al Ruqqa


Hot desert climates

Aqaba, Housing Port, Tel Caliph, Rum, Al Kafrayn


Cold desert climates

Um Sayhun, Qriet Naiefe, Rehbit Rakad, Al-butstaneh, Al-salhieh


Warm-summer Mediterranean climate

Dana, Al Arja, Baqa’a, Al Junaynah, Ash Shammakh

Jordan is a year-round destination – but despite its small size, you’ll find wide variations in climate, often reliant on the topography: Amman, Petra and Wadi Rum all lie well over 800m above sea level, Dana and Ajloun are even higher (up to 1500m), whereas the Dead Sea lies 400m below sea level. The same January day could have you throwing snowballs in Ajloun or topping up your tan on the Red Sea beaches.

Jordan's average monthly rainfall

Jordan's average monthly temperatures



The best time to visit is spring (March–May), when temperatures are toasty but not scorching, wildflowers are out everywhere (even the desert is carpeted), and the hills and valleys running down the centre of the country are lush and gorgeously colorful. The worst of the rain is over by March, though it doesn’t entirely peter out in Amman and the hills until late April. Humidity is pleasant everywhere, and low, clear sunlight draws a spectacular kaleidoscope of color and texture from the desert rocks. There’s only one drawback – a desert wind, loaded with dust and grit, which blows regularly each spring or early summer out of the Arabian interior. It’s known across the Middle East as the khamseen (“fifty”), after the fifty days it traditionally persists (although in Jordan it rarely lasts longer than a few days), and can darken the sky and raise the temperature by 10°C, coating everyone and everything in a layer of sand.


Typical autumn weather (mid-Sept to mid-Nov) mostly passes Jordan by, with only a few weeks marking the shift out of high summer – if you catch it, this can be a lovely time to visit. The first rains fall in early or mid-October, making the parched countryside bloom again and temperatures drop to more manageable levels.

“Touristicly”: autumn in Jordan is another “high season”. Summer heat goes away followed by pleasant warmth. In addition at second half of September water of seas cools a bit. By the end of the season it reaches mark of 25 °C (77 °F). And such temperature is great because of its cooling effect.

At November in cities and towns of central portion of the country temperature of air is about 20 °C (68 °F) and occasional drizzle. However coasts of the Dead Sea are much warmer and drier with their 27 °C (81 °F). Daily range of temperatures is still pretty wide: from 7 °C in northern regions to 15 °C in southern lands.


In summer (roughly June–Sept), Amman can sizzle – up to 40°C in the city center – though it’s a dry heat, rarely uncomfortable, and the hills catch some cooler breezes.
Temperatures at the Dead Sea and Aqaba, though, have been known to top 45°C, with Aqaba in particular suffering from an intolerable hot wind that makes you feel like you’re basting in a fan-assisted oven.
High, hazy light flattens the brown landscape and bleaches any beauty out of the desert. Copy the locals, and treat the hours between noon and 3pm as a time to snooze in the cool indoors.


In winter (roughly Dec–Feb), Amman can be desperately chilly, with biting winds sweeping through the valleys, rain showers and even snowfall, although the sun is still never far away. With short days and freezing nights, Petra winters can be taxing; exceptional lows of -8°C have been recorded. Rum is more temperate, but Aqaba makes a fine retreat, with sunshine and warmth even in the depths of January (average Red Sea and Dead Sea water temperatures vary little either side of a balmy 24°C all year).
January is the coldest month of a year yet at February weather begin transformation into its pleasant warm state.

Average High and Low Temperature in Jordan

Average High and Low Temperature in Jordan

Chance of Clearer Skies in Jordan

Hours of Daylight in Jordan

Hours of Daylight in Jordan

Average Water Temperature in Jordan

Average Water Temperature in Jordan


What is the coldest month in Jordan?

Hottest Month July (26 °C avg)
Coldest Month January (9 °C avg)
Wettest Month January (16.8 mm avg)
Windiest Month July (13 km/h avg)
Annual precip. 53.7 mm (per year)

What is the best month to visit Jordan?

The best times to visit Jordan are spring (March to May) or fall (September to November).
The days are warm, with temperatures between 26 °C and 36 °C, but the nights are cool. It’s not too hot for exploring sites or hiking in the nature reserves, where flora and fauna are abundant.

It’s very hot in summer (June to August), with temperatures of up to 44 °C. In contrast, Jordan often experiences snow in winter (December to February) and the nights get very cold, especially in the desert regions. Most of the rain falls at this time, in short, sharp showers.

What is the climate like in Jordan?

Jordan’s climate ranges between a more Mediterranean climate to a desert climate, but the land is generally very arid. Winter temperatures in the southern and northern highlands range between 9-13°C, while the deserts regions range from 19-22°C. In the Jordanian Valley, summer temperatures range between 38-39°C, while in the desert regions, they vary between 26-29°C. About 75% of precipitation falls during the winter. Jordan’s climate is influenced by the Dry Sirocco (Khamsin) winds, which can lead to large temperature anomalies, with increases of up to 15°C. The Shammal Winds are also an influencing factor, blowing from the north and northeast and causing high daytime temperatures.


  • The annual maximum temperature has increased by 0.3-1.8°С since the 1960’s.
  • The annual minimum temperature has increased by 0.4-2.8°С since the 1960’s.
  • The mean annual temperature has increased by 0.89°С since 1900.


  • Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN) data for the country indicates a 2.92 mm/month per century reduction in average annual precipitation since 1900.
  • The majority of local station records indicate that precipitation dropped from 94 mm to 80 mm during the last 10 years for the period 1937/38 to 2004/2005.
  • Annual precipitation rates show decreases at most meteorological stations.

Is it hot or cold in Jordan?

Jordan has a hot, dry climate characterized by long, hot, dry summers and short, cool winters. The climate is influenced by Jordan’s location between the subtropical aridity of the Arabian desert areas and the subtropical humidity of the eastern Mediterranean area.

Does Jordan get snow?

Jordan’s climate varies depending on region and altitude. The further inland that you go, the greater the temperature fluctuations become. In the highlands above the Jordan Valley and the mountains of the Dead Sea, travelers can expect Mediterranean conditions. Elsewhere the climate is more arid, especially across the deserts of the east and northeast. Temperatures during the summer (between May and September) average out to around 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius). In contrast, the winters (between November and March) can be reasonably cool with temperatures averaging 55 degrees Fahrenheit (13 degrees Celsius).

Snow only really falls in areas with an altitude of over 3,300 ft (1,000 m) during the coldest months of December and January. In the capital city of Amman, temperatures during this period drop to average lows of 39 degrees Celsius (4 degrees Celsius) and light snowfall is not uncommon.

During well-timed trips, visitors may even be able to witness snowfall in the ancient city of Petra. Sitting at almost 4,000 ft (1,219 m) above sea level, Petra is a truly magical sight during winter.

Is Jordan too hot in July?

July is, with August, the hottest month of the year, with temperatures exceeding 105°F (40°C) in places, especially when the khamseen blows. This dry and sometimes gale force desert wind can whirl in from the Arabian Peninsula, causing sandstorms that can last for days. Although it darkens the skies, the hot wind rapidly raises the temperature by as much as 20°F (10°C).

The higher elevations will be cooler than lowland areas. Amman averages an agreeable 81°F (27°C), and Petra is a few degrees warmer, but with some days reaching into the nineties. In the south, Aqaba bakes at an average 100°F (38°C), with some days topping 115°F (45°C), accompanied by an intolerable hot summer wind, and humidity is high. The eastern desert areas and the Dead Sea have similar temperatures to Aqaba, but without the humidity.

Fortunately, the summer air is dry and can still be comfortable. Pack a lightweight wardrobe, bring your shade hat, sunscreen, sunglasses, and be sure to drink lots of water. And do as the locals do: regard the noon-3pm as siesta time indoors.

How long is winter in Jordan?

The cool season lasts for 3.2 months, from December 3 to March 9, with an average daily high temperature below 60°F. The coldest month of the year in Amman is January, with an average low of 39°F and high of 53°F.

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