The Red Sea is one of the hottest and saltiest oceans in the world due to its location as the northernmost tropical sea on Earth and its high surface salinities. A salinity of 4%, which is significantly greater than that of other seas, is caused by a combination of factors including a high rate of evaporation, low precipitation, and a dearth of rivers that discharge freshwater into the sea.
The Red Sea is practically tideless because currents are weak and only seldom present, and because tides range from 0.6 to 0.9 meters. The constant north-west wind that dominates the northern Red Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba is the main cause of wind-induced currents.
Due to these exceptional circumstances, the Gulf of Aqaba’s shoreline is covered in fringing coral reefs, creating a diverse and rich ecology. This section of the Red Sea is a well-liked national and international tourist attraction, especially for Red Sea Diving Safari Divers and snorkelers, thanks to a combination of a suitable environment, warm sea, and numerous natural and archaeological objects of interest.
Together with coralline algae and certain sponges, coral reefs in Aqaba are the principal reef builders. In addition to fish and seabirds, healthy reefs are also home to sponges, cnidarians, worms, crabs, sea squirts, and sea turtles. In coral reefs, mammals are uncommon, with dolphins being the primary exception as a visiting cetacean.
Except from people, of course, who frequently come and appreciate coral reefs in Aqaba.
According to the study, the shoreline of the Gulf of Aqaba is home to red sea coral reefs at least 150 species of hard coral types of coral in the red sea, 23 of which are hard coral species that are currently thought to be indigenous to the Red Sea. 11 of the 23 hard coral species that are native to the Red Sea may be found in Jordan, making up 7.5% of the total number of Red Sea species. According to JREDS Executive Director Ehab Eid, the statistic is significant and remarkable since it demonstrates the high endemicity percentage of hard corals in the Gulf of Aqaba.
The Red Sea coral reef is located in the Red Sea, which is a body of water situated between Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. The Red Sea is bordered by several countries, including Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and Jordan. The coral reef system stretches along the coastline of these countries and is known for its rich biodiversity and vibrant marine life. It is one of the world’s most famous and diverse coral reef systems, attracting divers and snorkelers from around the globe.
Aqaba is a city located at the northern tip of the Red Sea’s Gulf of Aqaba. It is known for its beautiful coral reefs and diverse marine life, making it a popular destination for diving and snorkeling enthusiasts. Here are some key facts about the coral reefs in Aqaba: