Coral Reefs In Aqaba

The Red Sea is one of the hottest and saltiest oceans in the world due to its location as the northernmost tropical sea on Earth and its high surface salinities. A salinity of 4%, which is significantly greater than that of other seas, is caused by a combination of factors including a high rate of evaporation, low precipitation, and a dearth of rivers that discharge freshwater into the sea.

The Red Sea is practically tideless because currents are weak and only seldom present, and because tides range from 0.6 to 0.9 meters. The constant north-west wind that dominates the northern Red Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba is the main cause of wind-induced currents.

Due to these exceptional circumstances, the Gulf of Aqaba’s shoreline is covered in fringing coral reefs, creating a diverse and rich ecology. This section of the Red Sea is a well-liked national and international tourist attraction, especially for Red Sea Diving Safari Divers and snorkelers, thanks to a combination of a suitable environment, warm sea, and numerous natural and archaeological objects of interest.

Together with coralline algae and certain sponges, coral reefs in Aqaba are the principal reef builders. In addition to fish and seabirds, healthy reefs are also home to sponges, cnidarians, worms, crabs, sea squirts, and sea turtles. In coral reefs, mammals are uncommon, with dolphins being the primary exception as a visiting cetacean.

Except from people, of course, who frequently come and appreciate coral reefs in Aqaba.

From ancient times, corals have been well recognized and mined for usage in jewelry, healing, and building. Aqaba coral reef map also contribute significant data to geochemical and climate studies, and they are employed in aquaculture and fish tanks. Swimmers frequently refer to corals as rocks, and their ignorance of the intricate interactions between them causes them to unintentionally destroy delicate living forms when climbing or hanging on to them.

Corals were once thought to as stones or minerals. Nevertheless, in the 11th century, a Persian scholar categorized them as animals on the grounds that they have a sense of touch. Corals were still thought to be plants up until the 18th century, and in many languages they are referred to as “flower creatures”.

A colony in the shape of a coral group or head is built by many polyps, sac-like creatures with sizes ranging from a few millimeters to a few centimeters. Typically during night, polyps feed with their tentacles on a range of tiny creatures, from microscopic zooplankton to small fish. The tentacles retract throughout the day, leaving just the calcium carbonate skeleton exposed.

In collaboration with the Aqaba Marine Park of the Aqaba Special Economic Zone Authority, the Jordan Royal Navy, GIZ (Germany), and the Ministry of Environment, the Royal Marine Conservation Society of Jordan (JREDS) recently conducted a study that highlights the critical need to support national efforts to have the corals of Aqaba recognized as a UNESCO natural heritage site.

According to the study, the shoreline of the Gulf of Aqaba is home to red sea coral reefs at least 150 species of hard coral types of coral in the red sea, 23 of which are hard coral species that are currently thought to be indigenous to the Red Sea. 11 of the 23 hard coral species that are native to the Red Sea may be found in Jordan, making up 7.5% of the total number of Red Sea species. According to JREDS Executive Director Ehab Eid, the statistic is significant and remarkable since it demonstrates the high endemicity percentage of hard corals in the Gulf of Aqaba.

Jordan Tourist Agency

Where is the red sea coral reef located? 

The Red Sea coral reef is located in the Red Sea, which is a body of water situated between Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. The Red Sea is bordered by several countries, including Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and Jordan. The coral reef system stretches along the coastline of these countries and is known for its rich biodiversity and vibrant marine life. It is one of the world’s most famous and diverse coral reef systems, attracting divers and snorkelers from around the globe.


The coral reefs in Aqaba are home to a wide variety of marine species, including colorful corals, fish, crustaceans, and other invertebrates. Some of the commonly spotted coral species include Acropora, Porites, and Pocilloporid.

Marine Protected Areas:

Jordan has taken steps to protect its marine environment, including the coral reefs in Aqaba. The Aqaba Marine Park is one such protected area that aims to preserve the reefs and their ecosystems.

Conservation Efforts:

There have been conservation efforts by local authorities, non-governmental organizations, and researchers to monitor and protect the coral reefs in Aqaba. These efforts include initiatives to promote sustainable tourism, reduce pollution, and raise awareness about the importance of coral reef conservation.

FACT AND NEWS FOR coral reefs in Aqaba

Aqaba is a city located at the northern tip of the Red Sea’s Gulf of Aqaba. It is known for its beautiful coral reefs and diverse marine life, making it a popular destination for diving and snorkeling enthusiasts. Here are some key facts about the coral reefs in Aqaba:


Aqaba snorkeling offers a fantastic opportunity to explore the vibrant coral reefs in Aqaba and marine life of the Red Sea. The city of Aqaba is renowned for its clear waters and diverse underwater ecosystems. Here are some popular snorkeling spots with coral reefs in Aqaba:

1-South Beach (Berinieh Beach):

Located to the south of Aqaba, this beach offers easy access to coral reefs near the shore. You can find a variety of colorful corals and fish species in relatively shallow waters, making it suitable for snorkelers of all experience levels.

2-Japanese Garden:

This snorkeling site is named for its resemblance to a beautifully landscaped garden in Japan. It features an array of coral formations, including hard and soft corals. The area is home to numerous fish species, providing an exciting snorkeling experience.

3-Cedar Pride Wreck

While not a coral reef itself, the Cedar Pride wreck is a popular snorkeling site in Aqaba. The sunken cargo ship now serves as an artificial reef, attracting a wide range of marine life, including corals, fish, and other fascinating creatures.

4-Black Rock (Tank Beach):

This snorkeling spot is known for its interesting rock formations and coral growths. You can observe a variety of marine life, such as parrotfish, butterflyfish, and moray eels.

5-Seven Sisters (Dweibeh Sisters):

This site comprises a series of coral pinnacles, each resembling a sister. Snorkelers can explore the coral formations and observe the marine life that inhabits these structures.

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