Nablus is a historic city located in the northern part of the West Bank, a region in the Palestinian territories. It holds great significance in terms of history, culture, and commerce, making it one of the most prominent cities in the area. With a rich history that dates back thousands of years, the city has played a pivotal role in the development of the region and has been home to various civilizations, including Canaanites, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Crusaders, and Ottomans.

The city’s geographical location has contributed to its importance as a center of trade and commerce throughout history. The city is positioned along major trade routes, which facilitated the exchange of goods and ideas between the Mediterranean coast and inland areas. Its bustling markets, known as souks, have been a focal point for trading various products such as spices, textiles, and handicrafts.

In terms of culture, city’s known for its vibrant traditions, including its distinctive cuisine and handicrafts. Traditional dishes like knafeh (a sweet pastry) and olive oil-based foods are popular and reflect the city’s heritage. Additionally, the city is renowned for its soap-making industry, producing olive oil-based soap that has gained recognition for its quality and historical significance.

Throughout its history, the city has faced various challenges, including conflicts and political tensions that have affected the lives of its residents. As part of the Palestinian territories, it has been subject to complex political dynamics and negotiations between Palestinians and Israelis, contributing to a broader context of regional instability.

In recent times, the city remains an essential part of Palestinian culture and identity, preserving its historical landmarks and traditions while adapting to the modern world’s changes and challenges. It serves as a testament to the enduring resilience and tenacity of its inhabitants, who continue to contribute to the city’s rich cultural tapestry and maintain its connection to its ancient roots.

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The history of City is incredibly rich and spans thousands of years, making it one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Here is a brief overview of its history:


Ancient Times:

History dates back to ancient times when it was known as Shechem. It is mentioned in various historical and religious texts, including the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) and the Torah. Shechem played a significant role in the stories of Abraham and Jacob. The city’s strategic location on trade routes contributed to its importance in the region.


Roman and Byzantine Period:

During the Roman and Byzantine eras, Nablus area continued to flourish as an important urban center. It was known as Neapolis, meaning “New City” in Greek. During this time, the city’s infrastructure was developed, including the construction of public buildings, roads, and temples. Christianity also gained prominence in the city and became a significant center for early Christian communities.


Islamic Caliphates and Crusader Rule:

With the Islamic conquest in the 7th century, the city became part of the Arab-Muslim world. The city’s name evolved into Nablus during this time. It experienced periods of prosperity and development under various Islamic caliphates. However, during the Crusader era, the city fell under Christian control for a period before being reclaimed by the Muslims.


Ottoman Empire:

Reached a peak of importance during the Ottoman Empire’s rule, lasting for centuries. The city was a key trading center and a vital administrative hub in the region. It was renowned for its markets, including the famous souks where traders from various parts of the region came to exchange goods. The soap-making industry, utilizing the region’s olive oil, also thrived during this time.


Modern Era and Israeli-Palestinian Conflict:

In the 20th century, Nablus governorate, like many other cities in the Palestinian territories, became a focal point of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. After the Arab-Israeli War of 1948 and the establishment of the state of Israel, the city came under Jordanian rule. However, after the Six-Day War in 1967, Israel occupied the West Bank.

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Jacob’s Well 

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 What can you visit  ?

  • Old City of Nablus: The heart of Old City, a labyrinth of narrow streets and bustling markets. You can explore traditional markets (souks) like the Khan al-Tujjar and Khan al-Wikala, where you'll find everything from spices and textiles to ceramics and sweets.
  • An-Nasr Mosque:This historic mosque is one of the city's landmarks. It dates back to the 13th century and is known for its impressive architecture and intricate decorations.
  • Nablus Soap Factory: Nablus is famous for its traditional olive oil soap. You can visit soap factories to learn about the soap-making process and purchase authentic local products.
  • Mount Gerizim and Mount Ebal: These two mountains are significant in religious and cultural contexts. Mount Gerizim is associated with blessings and is considered sacred by the Samaritan community. Mount Ebal has historical and archaeological importance.
  • Jacob's Well: This well is associated with the biblical story of Jacob and is a pilgrimage site for Christians.
  • Nablus Cultural Center: This center promotes Palestinian culture through various artistic events, workshops, and exhibitions.
  • Educational and Cultural Institutions: Home to several universities and cultural institutions that offer opportunities to engage with the local community and learn about Palestinian culture and issues.

Nablus soap

Nablus soap, originating from the historic city of Nablus in Palestine, is more than just a cleansing product; it’s a centuries-old tradition and a cultural emblem. Crafted with a meticulous blend of natural ingredients, including high-quality olive oil, water, and alkaline substances, embodies purity and simplicity. The soap-making process, steeped in heritage, involves a labor-intensive technique that transforms these elements into the iconic rectangular bars with their delicate imprints. Renowned for its mildness and suitability for sensitive skin, offers not just cleanliness, but a connection to the past and the mastery of generations. Beyond its utilitarian purpose, stands as a symbol of craftsmanship, culture, and the enduring appreciation for natural products.

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 to do in 

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Where To Stay

City rich in culture and history, you’ll find a variety of accommodation options to suit your preferences. From charming guesthouses that provide an intimate glimpse into local life to well-established hotels offering comfort and amenities, Nablus offers a range of choices for travelers. for a comfortable and convenient experience. For those seeking a more immersive stay, explore local guesthouses that promise a unique connection to the city’s vibrant culture. Online platforms like Airbnb and might offer vacation rentals or private rooms to cater to diverse budgets. As you plan your stay, don’t hesitate to seek out local recommendations or university accommodations, particularly if you have a connection to An-Najah National University.

Weather and Climate 

The height affects its moderate climate, which has pleasant, sunny summers and mild, dry winters (with chilly nights) (during which thunderstorms often break out).


Summers are long, lasting from May to September, with July and August being the hottest months. Temperatures range between 23-36° C (75-96° F) and you can expect 50-90% humidity.  The good news is that there is air-conditioning almost everywhere you go, from buses and taxis to malls and hotels. However, it is really important to prepare for these temperatures, especially when spending time outdoors. Buy good sun protection, wear long but cool clothes and make sure to drink plenty of water.


Autumn is, for the most part, a continuation of the summer weather. It does get a little cooler and the humidity drops, so it is more comfortable.  The season starts in September and at the end of November it starts getting cooler and we might see a little rain, but not too much.  September is usually as warm as summer, but the temperatures in autumn are similar to those of spring and range between 16-24° C (60-75° F).


Depending on where you come from you might not even consider the city weather “real winter weather”.  This is the wettest time of the year and temperatures range between 6-15° C (42-60° F). Israeli schools have a winter break for Channukah during December, this usually doesn’t affect accommodation, but activities tend to get crowded. Also, tourists from nearby countries use their winter breaks to enjoy the warmer temperatures in this city.


Spring is between March and May and this is the ideal time to visit this city. You usually won’t see much rain and the temperatures are mild, ranging between 16-24° C (60-75° F), although the nights might still be chilly. Passover falls in April so if you are planning on visiting during this time keep in mind that prices of flights and accommodation will rise and tend to get booked early.

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